Welcome to the bustling metropolis of Cairo, where the ancient and the modern seamlessly coexist, creating a tapestry of history, culture, and vibrancy. With its rich historical heritage, iconic landmarks, and vibrant local life, Cairo offers a plethora of activities that cater to every traveler’s interests. Whether you’re a history enthusiast, a culture lover, an adventure seeker, or a foodie, Cairo has something special in store for you. Let’s dive into some of the best things to do in this captivating city.

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Best Things To Do In Cairo

Visit Giza Pyramids with Sphinx & The Egyptian Museum

One of the top things to do in Cairo. Embark on a journey through Egypt’s most iconic landmarks as you explore the Giza Pyramids, the enigmatic Sphinx, and the captivating Egyptian Museum. Admire the awe-inspiring pyramids of Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure, and stand in awe of the enigmatic Great Sphinx. Immerse yourself in the grandeur of the Egyptian Museum, where history comes to life through its rich collection of artifacts and treasures.

Sail the Majestic Nile River

Experience the magic of sailing on the Nile River, where ancient tombs and temples stand as witnesses to Egypt’s glorious past. Choose between a cruise ship, a dahabiya, or a felucca for your Nile adventure, and enjoy the breathtaking landscapes that unfold before you.

Nile River photographed by vincent-fourneau

Relax in Sharm El-Sheikh

For those seeking relaxation and beachside bliss, Sharm El-Sheikh beckons. From scuba diving to exploring the Ras Mohammed National Park, the charms of Sharm Old Market to the serenity of Naama Bay and Shark’s Bay, this resort town offers a perfect blend of relaxation and adventure.

Visit Sakkara Step Pyramids with The Archeological Area & Memphis

Step into the realm of ancient wonders as you explore the Sakkara Step Pyramids, an iconic testament to Egypt’s historical past. This journey takes you to the mesmerizing Step Pyramid of King Zoser, a masterpiece of ancient architecture that has stood the test of time. 

As you stroll through the archeological area and the ancient city of Memphis, you’ll witness the grandeur of the old Pharaonic civilization and its architectural achievements. The elaborate tombs of prominent figures whisper tales of a bygone era, while the aroma of traditional Egyptian cuisine adds a delicious touch to your adventure. It’s definitely one of the best places to visit in Cairo.

Sultan Hassan and Al Rifai Mosques

Built in the 14th century, this massive mosque is a masterpiece of Mamluk architecture. Admire the grandeur of its interior courtyard, intricate marble inlays, and stunning Islamic calligraphy that adorns its walls.

Standing adjacent to the Sultan Hassan Mosque, Al Rifai Mosque boasts a unique blend of Ottoman and Mamluk styles. Its elegant domes and towering minarets create a striking silhouette against Cairo’s skyline.

Sultan Hassan Mosque. Photo by omar-elsharawy

Exploring Architectural Marvels: Abdeen Palace, Bab Zuweila, Qalawun Complex, and Ibn Tulum Mosque

Dive into the architectural wonders of Cairo as you visit the opulent Abdeen Palace, gaze at the iconic Bab Zuweila gate, explore the Qalawun Complex’s intricate designs, and stand in awe of the grandeur of the Ibn Tulum Mosque. Each of these landmarks carries a unique historical significance and offers a glimpse into the city’s diverse architectural heritage.

Giza Pyramids & Khan El Khalili Old Market

For those seeking a mix of adventure and culture, the Giza Pyramids and Khan El Khalili Old Market offer an exciting blend of experiences. Embark on a thrilling horse or camel ride amidst the awe-inspiring Pyramids Desert, followed by an adrenaline-pumping Quad Runner ride. Afterward, indulge in the flavors of Egypt with a delectable Koshary meal at Abu Tarek. The vibrant atmosphere of downtown Cairo beckons for a leisurely stroll, setting the stage for a serene Felucca Ride on the Nile, followed by an immersion into the authentic ambiance of Khan El Khalili’s old market.

Saqqara Monuments

Travel back in time to Saqqara, where the Step Pyramid of Djoser and other ancient wonders stand as a testament to Egypt’s rich history. From the royal tombs of the Old Kingdom to the New Kingdom treasures, Saqqara offers an immersive journey through Egypt’s past.

Learn about recent archaeological discoveries that shed light on Saqqara’s role as a burial ground and the beliefs of ancient Egyptians regarding the afterlife.

Saqqara Monuments Photographed by eszter-kisgyura

City of the Dead

Experience the unexpected as you venture into the City of the Dead, a neighborhood that defies conventions by seamlessly blending life and death. Witness the coexistence of residents with their ancestors’ graves, and gain a deeper understanding of Cairo’s contrasts and unique character.

Explore the City of the Dead’s transformation from a burial site to a vibrant neighborhood where residents live among the tombs of their ancestors. Engage with locals and gain a deeper understanding of their lives and traditions.

Witness how the community has embraced innovation while honoring tradition, and discover unique businesses, schools, and homes that coexist harmoniously with the historic graves.

Visit Alexandria City

Escape to the “Pearl of the Mediterranean” with a day visit to Alexandria City. Immerse yourself in the historical and cultural treasures of this coastal gem. Admire the awe-inspiring Roman Theater and the iconic Alexandria Library, and delve into the world of opulence at The Jewelry Museum within the enchanting Montana Palace Gardens. The splendid views from the Citadel of Qaitbai and the architectural wonders of the Kateb Compound await, offering a unique glimpse into Alexandria’s rich past.

National Museum of Egyptian Civilization

Delve deeper into the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization and explore its diverse exhibits that highlight Egypt’s heritage across various eras. From prehistoric artifacts to modern cultural expressions, this museum is a treasure trove of Egypt’s rich past and present.

Engage with cutting-edge technology that brings history to life. From interactive displays to multimedia presentations, the museum offers a dynamic learning experience for visitors of all ages.

Take A Day Trip to Luxor

Take a captivating flight to Luxor City, where the past and present converge along the banks of the Nile. Explore the Valley of the Kings, where ancient tombs reveal their age-old secrets through vivid paintings. Immerse yourself in the legacy of Queen Hatshepsut at her enduring temple, and marvel at the grandeur of the Great Temple of Al Karnak. A delectable Nile-view lunch sets the stage for your exploration of the Temple of Luxor before a serene felucca ride into the sunset completes this unforgettable day trip.

Citadel of Salah Al Din

Visit the Citadel of Salaa Al Din, an iconic fortress that offers panoramic views of Cairo’s skyline, one of the best things to see in Cairo. Explore the Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha within the citadel, a masterpiece of Ottoman architecture. The citadel’s history is rich and layered, representing centuries of Cairo’s cultural and military significance.

You can also visit the Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha, also known as the Alabaster Mosque. This mosque is a symbol of Ottoman grandeur. Explore its cavernous interior, marvel at the impressive dome, and enjoy sweeping views of the city from its elevated location.

The Citadel played a pivotal role in Egypt’s history, serving as a military stronghold and royal residence. Learn about its strategic importance and the rulers who left their mark on this imposing fortress.

Citadel Of Saladin

The Mummies Museum – Old Coptic & Islamic Cairo

Uncover the layers of Egypt’s history as you explore the Mummies Museum in the heart of Old Coptic & Islamic Cairo. Wander through ancient churches, visit the Royal Mummies Room, and discover the historical charm of the Old Islamic Quarter. Indulge in the flavors of authentic Egyptian cuisine as you relax at Al Feshawey Coffee Shop, savoring the cultural richness of Khan El Khalili’s Old Bazaar.

Manial Palace Museum

Step into the enchanting Manial Palace Museum, a cultural oasis that showcases the eclectic tastes of Prince Muhammad Ali. Marvel at the architectural beauty of the palace and explore its various wings, from the reception area to the golden hall. The museum provides a unique insight into the life and interests of Egyptian royalty.

Wander through the palace’s various wings, each designed in a different architectural style. From Persian-inspired halls to Andalusian courtyards, the palace is a testament to Prince Muhammad Ali’s eclectic taste.

Explore the museum’s collection of artworks, rare manuscripts, and historical artifacts that offer insights into Egypt’s rich cultural heritage. The museum’s unique layout creates an immersive experience that transports you to another era.

Manial Palace Museum

Art and Culture at Cairo Opera House

Attend captivating performances at Cairo Opera House, from ballet and opera to orchestral concerts and theatrical productions. Immerse yourself in Egypt’s rich artistic scene and witness the convergence of local and international talent.

During your visit, you can also admire the stunning architecture of the Opera House itself, a modern masterpiece that stands as a symbol of Cairo’s cultural renaissance.

Exploring El Moez Street

Wander along El Moez Street, where a treasure trove of architectural wonders awaits. Marvel at the intricate details of medieval mosques, historic houses, and ornate gateways that showcase Cairo’s diverse history.

Engage with local artisans, shopkeepers, and craftsmen who continue to ply their trades along this historic street, providing a glimpse into centuries-old traditions.

El Moez Street

Dahshur Monuments

Explore Dahshur, a necropolis that boasts pyramids of the Old and Middle Kingdoms. From the Red Pyramid of Sneferu to the Black Pyramid of Amenemhat III, Dahshur’s monuments tell tales of pharaohs and dynasties long gone.

Visit the unique Bent Pyramid, an architectural wonder with its distinctive sloping angles. Delve into the theories surrounding its unconventional design and its significance in ancient Egyptian pyramid construction.

You can also explore the Necropolis and discover the tombs and pyramids of kings from the Old and Middle Kingdoms, gaining insights into the historical evolution of burial practices and architectural styles.